Memorizing stuff is hard for lots of different people, and the weird thing is that it works different ways for different people. Some can remember strings of numbers, others can remember faces, and others can remember the intimate details of events. If you are unlucky, then you may have trouble memorizing new phrases, so here are a few techniques to help you. These techniques will help you learn new words in English, and will help you learn new words and phrases in another language.
1. Use CognatesThe truth is that if you know English, then you already know hundreds of words in other languages. The first thing you need to do when learning a language is to learn their cognates. The word “No” is very similar in many languages, as are many words. Take Japanese for example, for them the word “ritchi” means rich, "basu" means a bus, "mashiin" means machine. They may not be spelled very similarly, but they sound almost the same (except a bit Japanesey) when they are spoken.
2. Create Associations and Link ThemFor example, you may be learning Spanish numbers so you could associate them with different items that you visualize. It goes "uno, dos, tres, cuatro, cinco". You could imagine the game Uno, a dos computer, a tree and some cilantro in a sink. Put the image in your head, and it gives you cues to remember the real sequence of words (or at least it will help you remember the words themselves).
Creating an association can help you remember a lot of things. For example, when you meet people, think of the celebrity that has their name and associate that person with that celebrity. For example, if you meet a person called Lewis, then think of Lewis Black. Imagine that person giving an angry speech about how he was sold a phone that doesn’t allow him to make calls. Picture him doing a Lewis Black rant and the name Lewis will stick with you (ergo, you have remembered this new person’s name).